Chapter 8 Bonding

Learning Targets:
College Board Performance Objectives:
  • Be able to write the Lewis symbol for any atom.
  • Understand the energies involved in the formation of ionic bonds—ionization energy, electron affinity, and lattice energy.
  • Predict the formula of an ionic compound between representative elements using the octet rule, and predict an atom's probable valence, using the periodic table.
  • Describe what happens to radius when an atom forms an ion.
  • Be able to explain the variation in size of an isoelectronic series.
  • Describe the nature of the covalent bond in terms of electron cloud overlap.
  • Be able to show covalent bond formation using Lewis symbols.
  • Be able to draw Lewis structures for bonds between atoms—single, double, and triple covalent.
  • Relate bond energies to bond order.
  • Explain electonegativity, how it varies on the periodic table, and its relationship to the nature of the bond between two atoms.
  • Predict the polarities of bonds between any two atoms from their electonegativities or their positions on the periodic table.
  • Write correct Lewis structures for any simple molecule or ion even when there is an exception to the octet rule.
  • Be able to write resonance structures when no one structure is adequate.
  • Relate the number of electron domains in the valence shell of an atom to the geometric arrangement of electrons around the atom.
  • Understand that the relative degree of repulsion between nonbonding pairs is greater than between bonding pairs of electrons.
  • Predict the molecular shape of a molecule or ion from its Lewis structure.
  • Predict, from its molecular shape and the electonegativities of the atoms involved, whether a molecule is polar (has a dipole).
  • Explain the types of hybridization.
  • Assign the type of hybridization on the basis of the electron geometry of the valence shell of an atom.
  • Describe the bonding between atoms in a molecule as or .
  • Explain the concept of delocalization in bonds.
  • Describe how molecular orbitals are formed from atomic orbitals.
  • Explain the meaning of bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals.
  • Construct the molecular-orbital energy-level diagram for a diatomic molecule or ion, predicting the bond order and the number of unpaired electrons.

Study Cards by chemmybear studycards
A Allan Notes a allan notes

Jennifer's Art Project video lonely hydrogen atoms
all about water animated video
Rene McCormick outline/notes Chpt 8 Outline
Video 1 general bonding/Lewis Structures
Video 2 resonance and formal charge
Video 3 molecular geometry and polar molecules

bubble burst in slow motion bubble
Mark Rosengarten Notes and Worksheets periodic table and bonding

Kahn Academy - Ionic, Covalent and Metallic bonding Kahn Academy
Chapter 8 Outline outline

Chapter 9 Outline chapter 9 Outline

tutorials tutorials
Zumdahl college powerpoint [[file:/C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/pcox1/Local%20Settings/Temporary%20Internet%20Files/Content.IE5/FBEE2387/Zumd08[1].ppt#262,7,Ions|zumdahl chpt 8]]
another zumdahl powerpoint [[file:/C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/pcox1/Local%20Settings/Temporary%20Internet%20Files/Content.IE5/FBEE2387/anim08[1].ppt#299,1,Chemistry%206/e%20Steven%20S.%20Zumdahl%20%20and%20Susan%20A.%20Zumdahl|zumdahl powerpoint]]
powerpoint with audio zumdahl with audio

Study Notes for bonding comprehensive review of bonding

3-D models 3-D models