Chemical Foundations

Learning Targets
.
Chapter 1

  • I can explain the process and stages of scientific (logical) problem solving
  • I can describe the three states of matter, their general properties and the methods for their interconversion
  • I can distinguish between physical and chemical change
  • I can describe the differences among elements, mixtures and compounds including the difference between heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures
  • I can use scientific notation (standard form)
  • I can recall and use SI units and prefixes
  • I can convert among units
  • I can explain and use the concept of derived units and use relationships relating to density
  • I can explain uncertainty by using the rules for determining significant figures and rounding off
  • I can apply the concepts of accuracy and precision and give examples
  • I can convert among the three different temperature units
  • I can calculate percentage error given data.

Outlne of Chapter 1


AP Homework Problems

Chapter 1 Chemical Foundations
Problem Set #1 pp. 31-35


# 8, 14, 16, 20, 26, 28, 30, 32, 35, 43, 48, 49, 53, 56, 57, 58, 62, 70, 73 & 76

For each problem, write enough of the question to know what your work and answer refers to without having the textbook question in front of you. Use dimensional analysis for problem solving. In AP it is important to learn to justify your answers. Communication!!!


  • Labs and Demonstrations
Mystery Solution Lab
MSDS Challenge Activity - Burning Water?
Matter and Measurement Activities - 13 Stations
Foam Production
Yellow and Blue Switch-a-Roo
Density Colunm Challenge
Measurement Challenge
Liquid Chromatography
article "Liquid Nitrogen in Pool"
all Science Geek Multiple Choice Questions
Mr. Ferwerda's Quizzes
Another Mr. Ferwerda Quiz

Support
Metric or SI prefixes

Prefix
symbol
x from 10x

yotta
Y
24
1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
zetta
Z
21
1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
exa
E
18
1,000,000,000,000,000,000
peta
P
15
1,000,000,000,000,000
tera
T
12
1,000,000,000,000
giga
G
9
1,000,000,000
mega
M
6
1,000,000
kilo
k
3
1,000
hecto
h
2
100
deca
da
1
10
base

0
1
deci
d
-1
0.1
centi
c
-2
0.01
milli
m
-3
0.001
micro
μ
-6
0.000001
nano
n
-9
0.000000001
pico
p
-12
0.000000000001
femto
f
-15
0.000000000000001
atto
a
-18
0.000000000000000001
zepto
z
-21
0.000000000000000000001
yocto
y
-24
0.000000000000000000000001